This condition involves the thyroid slowing down and producing a smaller amount of hormones.
Before hair loss occurs, the coat may become very dry and hair may break off easily. The under-active thyroid may also cause weight gain and weakness.
This can be diagnosed by running thyroid tests. Treatment will be medication, often needed for the rest of the dog's life. Recovery is a progressive process; in most cases a Shih Tzu will make a complete recovery.
This may also be referred to as demodectic mange, follicular mange, puppy mange, or demodectic mites. And this additionally covers sarcoptic mange, which is also known as canine scabies.
With mange, there are always a certain number of mites living within a dog's hair follicles and on the skin. This becomes a problem when the number of mites greatly increases and is sometimes due to a faulty immune system.
It is common for this to lead to secondary bacterial skin infections or yeast infections.
Signs of mange include itching, sores, scabs, and hair loss. With secondary yeast infections, there may be a bad smell and/or skin flaking.
Sarcoptic mange is caused by a different type of mite, and can be transmitted back and forth from a wide number of animals and even people. Symptoms are often the same, with the exception being that bumps and/or itching may first develop on areas without much hair, such as the groin, armpits, or belly.
This is diagnosed via a skin scraping; however, it must be noted that this is only conclusive about 20% of the time. If the veterinarian suspects mange, he will recommend treatment and if there is improvement, this will confirm the suspected diagnosis.
In regard to exact treatment, some prescribed dips can be rather toxic to a Shih Tzu, causing vomiting, upset stomach, tremors, and even central nervous system issues.
This shampoo is effective yet has no pesticides; this should be used 3 to 4 times per week.
This involves neurodermatitis, a condition in which a dog will compulsively lick his coat to the point of damaging the follicles thus resulting in hair loss. A dog many concentrate on one area of the body such as a paw or in many areas.
There are a number of events and circumstances that can cause a Shih Tzu to become overly stressed or anxious including a sudden change in the household and severe cases of separation anxiety.